Sump pump is a term used to describe a small pump that is installed somewhere in the lowest part of the basement or crawlspace so that it can keep the foundation area of the building dry.
Water can damage the roots of the building and thus sump pump is installed to keep the area under the building dry and away from even the minute chances of flooding.
It pumps the water out of the building without letting the soil under the building absorb it so as to maintain the strength of the structure.
This post is to guide you with the DIY steps of installing a sump pump. You can hire a professional to do the same if you are not comfortable doing it yourself but at least you should be aware of the process so that you can monitor the installation closely.
Step #1: Determining the Location of the Pump
The initiation of installation will be from finding an ideal location to install the pump. Two things which you need to take care of while choosing the location include presence of an electrical plug and the place where water clogging happens.
If this spot is sloped downward and is near to an outside wall then there is nothing like it as it will help in installing the pipes easily!
Step #2: Digging a Hole
You may have to rent a jackhammer to dig a hole which is six inches deeper and ten inches wider than the sump. Before you place the sump into this hole you should put gravel equivalent to three inches in this hole to provide extra solid protection to the sump. You might have to use this gravel to fill up the gaps to ensure proper fit of the sump.
Step #3: Installing Discharge & Pump Pipes
The size of PVC pipe and adapters that you might require to complete the installation is as per the brand of your sump. Hence you may refer to instructions for them.
The discharge pipe needs to connect to the pipe leading from pump and should be sealed with silicone chalk to tighten the grip and ensure that there is no leakage.
Pedestal and submersible pumps are installed outside and inside the basin respectively to ensure that when water is collected is in the basin the pump should not get stuck as otherwise it would cause the pump to work incorrectly.
All you have to ensure is that yard grade is appropriately fit and won’t let the water flow back towards the foundation. Hence, after the discharge and pump pipes are adequately set in place, a check valve is installed on the open end of discharge pipe to ensure that water is not flowing back into the basin.
Apply sealant to the hold from the where the PVC is coming out of the house so that water should be discharged only through those pipes.
Step #4: Test the Pump & Cover the Sump
Pour a bucket of water in the sump basin and activate the sump pump to check if it is working fine and not spreading out the water to undesired location. If everything is fine, you may plug the pump and cover the sump to keep it in place and place gravel around the pipe.